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Journal of KWJS 2008;26(2):43-49.
Published online June 18, 2008.
Development the Technique for Fabrication of the Thermal Fatigue Crack to Enhance the Reliability of Structural Component in NPPs
Yong Kim, JaeSung Kim, BoYoung Lee
Abstract
  Fatigue cracks due to thermal stratification or corrosion in pipelines of nuclear power plants can cause serious problems on reactor cooling system. Therefore, the development of an integrated technology including fabrication of standard specimens and their practical usage is needed to enhance the reliability of nondestructive testing. The test material was austenitic STS 304, which is used as pipelines in the Reactor Coolant System of a nuclear power plants. The best condition for fabrication of thermal fatigue cracks at the notch plate was selected using the thermal stress analysis of ANSYS. The specimen was installed from the tensile tester and underwent continuos tension loads of 51,000N. Then, after the specimen was heated to 450℃ for 1 minute using HF induction heater, it was cooled to 20℃ in 1 minute using a mixture of dry ice and water. The initial crack was generated at 17,000 cycles, 560 hours later (1cycle/2min.) and the depth of the thermal fatigue crack reached about 40% of the thickness of the specimen at 22,000 cycles. As a results of optical microscope and SEM analysis, it is confirmed that fabricated thermal fatigue cracks have the same characteristics as real fatigue cracks in nuclear power plants. The crack shape and size were identified.
Key Words: Thermal fatigue crack, Nondestructive testing, Thermal stratification, Standard specimen
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